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Commentary | Open | Published:

Clarifying the role of three-dimensional transvaginal sonography in reproductive medicine: an evidenced-based appraisal

Abstract

This overview describes and illustrates the clinical applications of three-dimensional transvaginal sonography in reproductive medicine. Its main applications include assessment of uterine anomalies, intrauterine pathology, tubal patency, polycystic ovaries, ovarian follicular monitoring and endometrial receptivity. It is also useful for detailed evaluation of failed and/or ectopic pregnancy. Three-dimensional color Doppler sonography provides enhanced depiction of uterine, endometrial, and ovarian vascularity.

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Correspondence to Arthur C Fleischer.

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